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Weekly 10-23

· 2 min read

In October 2023, MoonBit underwent Alpha testing. This post aims to introduce recent updates to MoonBit's language and toolchain, along with applications developed using MoonBit.

Changes in MoonBit Language

1. According to community feedback, the keyword for top-level functions has been changed from func to fn, unifying it with local functions. This change also helps to prevent unnecessary confusion for developers

Before:

func fib(num : Int) -> Int {
fn aux(n, acc1, acc2) {
match n {
0 => acc1
1 => acc2
_ => aux(n - 1, acc2, acc1 + acc2)
}
}
aux(num, 0, 1)
}

func init {
println(fib(46))
}

After:

fn fib(num : Int) -> Int {
fn aux(n, acc1, acc2) {
match n {
0 => acc1
1 => acc2
_ => aux(n - 1, acc2, acc1 + acc2)
}
}
aux(num, 0, 1)
}

fn init {
println(fib(46))
}

2. Based on feedback from the community, the Float64 type name has been changed to Double

Before

let pi : Float64 = 3.14

After

let pi : Double = 3.14
  1. The MoonBit's toolchain download for Intel-based Mac is now supported. https://www.moonbitlang.com/download/

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Additionally, support for Windows is expected to be available by the next few weeks.

Build System

1. moon.pkg and moon.mod have been changed to JSON format

moon.pkg and moon.mod have been changed to JSON format moon.pkg.json and moon.mod.json. The transition from a custom format to JSON is due to the rapid evolution of toolchains. Using JSON reduces maintenance overhead and simplifies integration with other tools, making it a more efficient choice as the toolchain continues to evolve quickly.

Before

moon.mod

module hello

After

moon.mod.json

{
"name": "hello"
}

Before

moon.pkg

package main

import "hello/lib"

After

moon.pkg.json

{
"name": "main",
"import": {
"hello/lib": ""
}
}